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US EIA Short Term Energy Outlook, Jan 2023

US EIA Short Term Energy Outlook, Jan 2023

The US EIA Short Term Energy Outlook (STEO) was published on January 10, 2023. This report generally provides forecasts for Total Liquids production for non-OPEC nations, crude only output for OPEC nations, and both C+C and Total Liquids forecasts for the US. At Peak Oil Barrel we focus on crude plus condensate (C+C) output as this is the critical input that provides most of the World’s liquid fuels used for land, air and water transportation. The STEO also provides forecasts for natural gas and electricity output as well as price forecasts for oil, natural gas, and electricity. This post will focus on oil (both total liquids and C+C).

We find the OLS trend in the ratio of C+C divided by total liquids for non-OPEC minus the US over the period from October 2014 to September 2022 (it has been decreasing at an annual rate of 0.267% over that period) and we assume the trend continues from October 2022 to December 2024 (the end of the STEO forecast). This allows us to estimate non-OPEC minus US C+C. Likewise we find the ratio of OPEC crude to C+C which was relatively flat at about 93.7% from Jan 2010 to December 2019 and seems to be returning to this level since the depths of the pandemic. By assuming the ratio is 93.7% crude to C+C for OPEC we can estimate OPEC C+C from October 2022 to December 2022 using the STEO crude only estimate. The non-OPEC minus US C+C estimate is added to the STEO US C+C estimate and this is combined with the OPEC C+C estimate to find the World C+C STEO forecast.

Figure 1

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OPEC Update, March 2022

OPEC Update, March 2022

The OPEC Monthly Oil Market Report (MOMR) for March 2022 was published this week. The last month reported in each of the charts that follow is February 2022 and output reported for OPEC nations is crude oil output in thousands of barrels per day (kb/d). In most of the charts that follow the blue line is monthly output and the red line is the centered twelve month average (CTMA) output.

Figure 1
Figure 2

OPEC output increased by 440 kb/d according to secondary souces in February. January 2022 output was revised higher by 52 kb/d from what was reported last month and December 2021 output was revised lower by 35 kb/d compared to the February 2022 MOMR. Most of the increase in OPEC output was from Saudi Arabia(141 kb/d) followed by Libya (105 kb/d), Iran (44 kb/d), Iraq (36 kb/d), and Kuwait (32 kb/d). Six OPEC members saw increases of less than 27 kb/d (total of 101 kb/d for that group of 6 nations). Only two OPEC nations had lower output in February with a total decrease of 19 kb/d.

In the chart below OPEC 13 crude and Russian C+C are shown, I expect that OPEC 13 crude plus Russian C + C will likely top out at about 40500 kb/d, if sanctions are not removed from Iran and Venezuela, potential future increase for OPEC 13 and Russia is about 1000 kb/d without Iranian sanctions relief. If Russia falters due to ongoing sanctions and cannot increase output from the February 2022 level, potential OPEC capacity is reduced to about 700 kb/d.

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Olduvai IV: Courage
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Olduvai II: Exodus
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