Home » Survival » OCOKA – Advanced Terrain Analysis Through a Tactical Lens

Click on image to purchase

Olduvai III: Catacylsm
Click on image to purchase

Post categories

Post Archives by Category

OCOKA – Advanced Terrain Analysis Through a Tactical Lens

OCOKA – Advanced Terrain Analysis Through a Tactical Lens

Part VIII of the Complete Navigation Field Guide

We are delving deep into understanding how to move across the land in our ongoing series, the Complete Navigation Field Guide. It’s crucial to understand that part of our learning here is to train ourselves now so that we can have more resilient communities during times of emergency, crisis or societal disruptions. To aid in that effort, today we will look closely at a framework called OCOKA to better understand tactical terrain analysis.

The realm of military strategy includes some invaluable knowledge about understanding terrain. One of the most established frameworks for terrain analysis is OCOKA, an acronym that stands for Observation and Fields of Fire, Cover and Concealment, Obstacles, Key Terrain, and Avenues of Approach. Developed through centuries of military experience, OCOKA provides a structured approach to assessing and utilizing terrain to gain strategic advantages.

OCOKA’s origins can be traced back to ancient warfare, where commanders recognized the importance of terrain in shaping the outcomes of battles. From Sun Tzu’s “The Art of War” to Carl von Clausewitz’s “On War,” military theorists have long emphasized the critical role of terrain in strategy. Over time, these ideas coalesced into the formalized concept of OCOKA, which is now a staple in military training and operations worldwide.

There is a ton of information you could read about the history, but let’s forgo that and get right into what OCOKA means in military as well as collapse terms.

Breakdown of OCOKA Components

I. (O) – Observation and Fields of Fire

Definition and Significance Observation refers to the ability to see the surrounding area, including enemy movements and activities. Fields of fire pertain to the range and angle from which a force can effectively engage the enemy with direct fire weapons. Both observation and fields of fire are crucial for assessing threats and effectively utilizing weaponry.

…click on the above link to read the rest of the article…

Olduvai IV: Courage
Click on image to read excerpts

Olduvai II: Exodus
Click on image to purchase

Click on image to purchase @ FriesenPress